What are some of the most common skin conditions?
Skin conditions that require dermatology treatments can crop up at any point in our lives, or even stay with us for decades. Some of the most common skin conditions can vary in the complications they cause us, however the symptoms can be often improved or sometimes treated by one of our specialists.
Epidermoid/Pillar Sebaceous Cysts
During our teenage years, typically the worst we have to worry about is acne, which can be cleared up with some off-the-shelf products. While sebaceous cysts are similar to acne, they are far larger and more difficult to get rid of than the usual spot or zit. Sebaceous cysts are not typically dangerous but can cause extreme discomfort or pain if not properly treated by a Dermatologist.
They are most commonly found on the face, neck and torso, but can also be found on fatty areas like thighs or the back, where high amounts of oil and grime can accumulate.
Skin tags are typically harmless but very common, and can sometimes resemble warts. Most people elect to remove them if they are in a very exposed part of the body, although in most cases people are happy to live with them, unless they otherwise cause discomfort. Pregnant women are more likely to develop skin tags due to the fluctuating hormone levels that come with carrying a child, but otherwise they tend to develop where skin is likely to come into frictional-contact with clothing, or other skin.
They are usually found under armpits, breasts, around the pelvic area but can also develop on eyelids or thighs.
Warts are a very common skin ailment that take the form of a rough, tough lump, most commonly found on hands and feet. Warts are more likely to develop in teenagers and children and are quite contagious, commonly transferred by touch or transmitted by indirect contact with contaminated areas, such as walls, lockers, changing rooms and floors in swimming pools. Warts thrive in wet areas but you are also likely to receive a wart infection if your damaged or open skin makes contact with a contaminated surface.
Spider naevi is a small red affliction, which shows up on the surface of the skin. They are portrayed as "creepy crawlies" because of their appearance - the focal, climbing vessel looking similar to a spider, with the small transmitting veins reaching out and resembling a spider web.
Spider naevi might be an indication of a hidden illness, especially alcoholic cirrhosis of the liver, yet can likewise happen in healthy people, particularly pregnant ladies, or because of pharmacological operators.
Fungal Nail Infection
Contagious diseases of the nails are otherwise called dermatophytic onychomycosis, or tinea unguium.
The strain of fungus is typically the same as that that causes athlete's foot – a typical contagious disease of the skin of the feet, particularly between the toes.
Individuals can develop parasitic nail disease in their life. It is not typically harmful, but rather can be uncomfortable and hard to treat.
The contamination grows gradually and causes the nail to wind up stained, thickened and misshaped. It is more likely that toenails will become infected, rather than fingernails, due to the accumulation of sweat and grime in shoes and socks.
Discoid eczema is a pervasive skin condition that causes skin to become very itchy, blushed, swollen and broken in round patches on the body. It is also called discoid dermatitis. The patches can be a few millimetres to a couple of centimetres in size and can appear on any part of the body; however, they do not generally develop on the face or scalp.
The patches are regularly swollen, bumpy and secrete liquid, but later become dry and flaky after some time. The patches may clear up all alone in the end, yet this can take weeks, months or even years if not treated, and they can repeat.
Androgenetic alopecia is a typical type of baldness in both men and women. In men, this condition is otherwise called male-pattern baldness. Hair is lost in a very pronounced pattern, starting on the sides of the head. After some time, the hairline retreats to frame an "M" shape on the head.
Lipomas are doughy, greasy protuberances that appear under the skin. They are not dangerous and can generally be left untreated unless in extreme cases. Lipomas form when there is an abundance of fat cells and appear in particularly fatty areas of the body, including shoulders, neck, torso, thigh, stomach and armpits.
Acne is typically caused by pores and hair follicles becoming blocked with the oil our bodies naturally produce, as well as dirt and grime. The issue can be exacerbated by a bad diet.
Acne is the most common skin condition and primarily affects us in our teens, but the affliction is also becoming more common in our adult lives, largely due to the increased intake of a poor diet in adult years. Common areas include the face, back and chest.
Hives take the form of bumps or welts that raise up on the skin, often with a red appearance due to their irritating nature. Hives are generally brought about by allergic reactions, triggered by certain foods, medicines, or insect bites.
Unlike most common skin conditions, Hives can present an immediate danger as the allergic reaction can give you severe difficulties breathing. If Hives suddenly appear in large numbers and you find yourself short of breath, call 999 immediately. The best thing you can do to avoid Hives is to avoid the allergic triggers. Speak to one of our Dermatologists to ensure you are kept aware of yours.
Solar comedones emerge on the skin (particularly in the facial area) of the elderly and middle-aged. They are caused by exposure to daylight over an extended period of time, and can especially affect the cheeks, which typically take on a yellowish colour, and rough, leathery surface. These sores can become both white and blackheads and cause discomfort, or pain in some situations.
Seborrhoeic Keratoses are sometimes called Seborrhoeic warts, or basal cell papillomas. They are typically safe, pigmented, bumps that appear on the skin. Although they have, seborrhoeic keratoses are not related to sebaceous organs or viral warts, however they do share certain characteristics, such as itching, inflammation and an unpleasant appearance.
Moles are a very common skin affliction, although they are mostly benign and non-threatening.
They are produced by a clustering of skin cells called melanocytes, which occasionally concentrate in a localised area and produce intermittent patches of brown pigment.
Moles can become cancerous, as we grow older, so it is recommended to monitor your own moles from time to time, or visit a specialist if you are concerned.
Molluscum contagiosum is (as the name may indicate), a rather contagious viral infection that can affect people of all ages, although children are particularly vulnerable. The infection takes the form of a group of itchy spots that develop all over the body, clustering in certain areas. They do not typically cause pain, but they may make life quite distressing for children and toddlers.
While it may begin as a form of cellulitis, paronychia progresses to an abscess that can cause a painful state, as well as a very unpleasant appearance and smell due to the build up of pus. Paronychia can be caused by a fungal infection in open wounds or freshly-treated areas that may not have been properly disinfected and cleaned. Immediate treatment is recommended as the issues can become exacerbated if not taken care of in the early stages.
Xerosis (dry skin)
Dry skin is a very common condition; however xerosis is the medical name for a condition of extremely dry skin. The main symptoms of this can be an itch, discomfort, cracks in the skin and an abundance of ‘ashy’ skin flakes separating themselves from the body. It is typically a temporary problem that can be remedied with preventative care, but it is also relatively simple to treat as well.
Due to moisture, dirt and heat, the foot is unfortunately highly susceptible to fungal infections, which often result in complications with toenails and the areas between the toes. It can also bring about the condition known as Tinea Pedis, or Athletes Foot.
Athletes Foot is linked to a fungi called ‘dermatophyte’, which can be passed onto those visiting moist areas like showers, swimming pools, jacuzzis, saunas and locker rooms. The condition causes horrible itching, cracked skin and pain, although it can be treated by pharmaceutical, over-the-counter products. However it can take 1-2 months for the infection to completely clear up. Preventative measures such as avoiding sweaty socks and shoes and keeping your feet thoroughly clean are good advice.