Endometrial ablation is a surgical treatment for women who have heavy periods. The treatment involves thinning, removing or destroying the lining of the womb, resulting in lighter periods or even stopping periods altogether depending on how much of the lining is removed. There are various techniques used to achieve this, but the exact course of treatment needed is assessed on an individual basis to meet patient needs.
Endometrial ablation techniques include:
- Using heat - This method uses an electrical source, radio waves or lasers to destroy the lining of the womb via the vagina or cervix.
- Using ultrasound frequency - This method uses high levels of ultrasound energy from outside the body to destroy fibroids without harming healthy womb lining.
It's unlikely that you'll be able to get pregnant after having the procedure. If you do there's is an increased risk of miscarriage or other complications. The procedure is not recommended if you'd still like to have children.
You may experience some vaginal bleeding, like a light period, for a few days after the procedure. For some women this bloody discharge may continue for up to 4 weeks. To control the bleeding use sanitary towels rather than tampons.
You may also experience tummy cramps similar to period pains for a day or two after the procedure, this can be treated with painkillers such as paracetamol or ibuprofen. In the rare occurrence that you experience more severe of prolonged pain after the treatment, speak to your GP or contact the hospital.