The specialty of general medicine is concerned with the diagnosis, management, and non-surgical treatment of conditions and diseases.
While general physicians are usually “general” practitioners – that doesn’t mean they don’t need to be as knowledgeable as other physicians. In fact, they’re often required to have a much broader knowledge base, simply because they’re required to know about enough areas to be able to effectively refer patients to the right specialists.
What’s more, many general physicians nowadays sub-specialise in order to provide greater help in a specific medical area. So, for example, conditions such as irritable bowel syndrome or IBS are seen by a gastroenterologist and asthma by a respiratory physician and so on.