Rheumatology

Rheumatology

Rheumatology deals with a group of conditions collectively called "rheumatic or musculo-skeletal diseases". It covers conditions which affect joints, bones, soft tissues and muscles. There are over 200 different diseases that affect the joints, bones, muscles and other soft tissues. Rheumatologists manage a wide range of these musculoskeletal conditions.

The biggest cause of physical disability in the UK is Arthritis. However musculoskeletal conditions may affect all age groups. If rheumatic diseases are not treated appropriately, daily activities such as walking, climbing stairs, cooking, and personal hygiene are affected. Rheumatic diseases can also have a profound effect on work capacity. They are the single biggest cause of both sick leave and premature retirement, causing physical disability, even amongst people of working age.

Rheumatological disease can present with a wide range of symptoms and it is important to establish quickly the cause of the symptoms for both acute and chronic conditions. Conditions treated by Rheumatologists include :

Conditions of the Joints

  • Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Ankylosing Spondylitis
  • Psoriatic Arthritis
  • Gout
  • Pseudogout
  • Osteoarthritis

Connective Tissue Diseases

  • Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
  • Scleroderma
  • Polymyositis/ Dermatomyositis
  • Sjogren's Syndrome
  • Polymyalgia Rheumatica

Systemic Vasculitis

  • Temporal Arteritis
  • Wegener's Granulomatosis
  • Polyarteritis

Regional Pain Syndromes

  • Tendonitis
  • Bursitis
  • Disc Disease of Neck & Back

Other conditions

  • Osteoporosis
  • Raynaud’s Phenomenon
  • Antiphospholipid Antibody Syndrome
  • Paget’s Disease

Pain Syndrome

  •  Fibromyalgia
  •  Chronic Pain Syndrome

 Soft Tissue Rheumatisim

  •  Trochanteric Bursitis (Hip)
  •  Olecranon Bursitis (Elbow)
  •  DeQuervain's Tendinitis (Thumb)
  •  Achilles Tendinitis (Heel)
  •  Rotator Cuff Tendinitis (Shoulder) and Impingement Syndrome

 Other Types of Soft Tissue Rheumatic Syndromes

  •  Carpal tunnel syndrome
  •  Tennis Elbow (Lateral Epicondylitis)
  •  Golfer's Elbow (Medial Epicondylitis)
  •  Tenosynovitis
  •  Plantar Fasciitis