Female sterilisation is an operation to cut, tie or block the fallopian tubes to prevent the eggs reaching the sperm, and is a permanent method of contraception. The procedure is 99% effective at preventing pregnancy.
Female Sterilisation Techniques
The procedure to block the fallopian tubes is called tubal occlusion and can be done in the following ways:
- By applying clips - plastic or titanium clamps are closed over the fallopian tubes.
- By applying rings - a small loop of the fallopian tube is pulled through a silicone ring, then clamped shut.
- By tying, cutting and removing a small piece of the fallopian tube
If blocking the fallopian tubes is not successful they may be removed completely, this is called a salpingectomy.
It depends on the reason for wanting the surgery. There are a number of contraceptives that can that be used to prevent you becoming pregnant in the 'short-term', meaning that you will still be able to have children after you stop using the contraception.
If you are in a committed relationship and would like to prevent pregnancy, you might consider a vasectomy.
This procedure can be reversed with fallopian tubes being reconnected, but this doesn't necessarily mean fertility will be restored so that you can become pregnant. It is very difficult to reverse and so it's important to consider all options before making your decision.